The central hypothesis of the cluster is that locally acting manufacturing processes will increasingly be used in the future to compensate for the lack of scalability of mass production for the production of small batches, individual parts and individualized product variants. For this purpose, locally acting manufacturing processes must be understood as part of new, smart production and value chains. The value creation and production chains are not rigid, but are adapted to the demand-dependent number of pieces and other boundary conditions. The combination of manufacturing processes adapted to the respective scenario makes it possible to deviate from established production structures and thus to produce locally in the vicinity of end users in smaller production units. The control of locally acting production processes, their integration into "smart" production chains, as well as the efficient, thorough planning and control of production represent key challenges to be explored in the GRS Cluster.