Module Area 3: Natural Heritage and Cultural Landscapes

What processes shape our ecosystems? How do interactions between humans and their environment manifest themselves?

This study area focuses on the conservation of natural heritage. Students will acquire basic knowledge in the field of environmental sciences, understanding the elements and processes that govern our ecosystems. Courses reflect upon varied perceptions of nature, the diverse relationships between humans and the environment, as well as the importance of nature conservation and environmental sustainability.


This course outlines the fundamental approaches of biodiversity concerning genetics, species and ecosystem diversity, and provides a worldwide overview of ecological problems in different ecosystem types. Students will understand the relation between ecology, nature conservation and resource management, and will learn to outline guidelines for the sustainable protection and management of biodiversity.

Cultural Landscapes

This course focuses on UNESCO’s approach to cultural landscapes as a distinct heritage category illustrating the “combined works of nature and man”. It introduces different forms of landscape design, land use and symbolic associations with the environment, revealing the complex factors that generate them. Students will gain an understanding of the dynamic character of cultural landscapes, as well as key principles and the role of local communities in the protection and management of these sites.

Philosophy of Technology and Nature

Students will reflect upon the origins and development of the concept of nature as seen within different cultures and time periods. Based on the methods of environmental philosophy and humanities, this course invites students to analyse current environmental and cultural problems, as well as ethical concerns regarding the impacts of technology on nature.

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